5 tips on how to improve hand-eye coordination and improve your reading and writing .

5 tips on how to improve hand-eye coordination and improve your reading and writing .

When our son started school at the age of 5 and could not form any letters , I had bought a variety of  programs which intended to help him to trace and track the letters  but it didn’t help .

I have listed  how we overcame this disability and learnt to write . Now his hand writing is clear and legible .

1.  Primitive reflexes :  We all have active neurological reflexes present in our central nervous system , those enable us to function as we do in a day to day life . We  are born ,with a number of primitive reflexes, and those facilitate our development in the womb and make it possible for us to undergo the natural birthing process as well as stimulating  our natural development during our early life .  They are tested at birth , and when present , indicate   that the neurological development in the womb is as it should be .  After that, they hang around until we reach certain developmental milestones , such as smiling for the first time or taking the first step, and are able to to perform normal infantile movements in the correct manner . Once we reach that stage , they have no further play in our life and our brains inhibits or removes them from our central nervous system .   As the primitive reflexes are inhibited or removed , they are replaced  by postural neurological reflexes, which remain active in our central nervous system for the rest of our lives, ensuring that we can undertake normal daily movement patterns.  BUT when these primitive reflexes stay from some reason or other in our central nervous system they are a BARRIER TO NORMAL DEVELOPMENT. some of the symptoms include : *Difficulty with visual tracking and crossing the midline.

  • Difficulty with reading and following a line of text.  easily losing their place when reading.
  • Difficulty reading small print.
  • Double vision.
  • poor listening skills.
  • poor handwriting and difficulty coping written script.
  • difficulty with spelling.
  • poor hand eye coordination.
  • impulsive and emotionally immature for their age.

For more information on the primitive reflexes please refer the chapter under the same name in my book.    

 

 

 

 

 

2.   Activities for crossing the midline :

3. Throwing and catching balls , hitting balls  and jumping.    The jumping movement is good for the child’s brain because , like all movement , it provides a lot of stimulus to the vestibular system , which then sends impulses to the cerebrum, thereby helping to develop the neural pathways and rewire the brain . Research shows that brain functions such as reading, comprehension , memory and the ability to evaluate and do mathematics are deeply affected by activities that stress balance, efficiency and spatial awareness.

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. play dough:

5. Therapeutic listening : In short , it’s an approach that recognizes that listening goes well beyond the ears and is a function of the brain . The way we listen affects the way we behave, and so to that end , therapeutic listening uses sound training together with sensory integrative techniques that don’t just stimulate the auditory system but also help rewire those parts of the brain that enable us to hear .  What’s more, it can help people who exhibit a myriad of behavior types .

Resources for a Sensory Diet

Resources for a Sensory Diet

In this post I’ve gathered different resources that I found helpful through the years, some can be made at home with a bit of effort and others can be purchased on a small budget.

Resources for hand-eye coordination :
  • Hitting a ball hanging from the ceiling ,bunting the ball ,catching it /hitting with a plastic tennis racket

hitting a ball

hitting a ball

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • For the following resource you would need a tennis ball, tweezers and small pieces of paper:
    Get a standard tennis ball, cut it in the middle and them crunch small pieces of paper at the side.
  • Ask your child  to hold the ball with one hand .opening the ‘mouth of the ball’ and with the other hand insert the pieces of paper using the
  • tweezers.

 

tennis ball eye hand coordination

Tennis ball eye -hand coordination

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Throwing balls into a bucket- you could use a small ping-pong ball or tennis ball together with a small bucket you can find at home, I have used different types of textures sizes hardness and colors to add another layer to the sensory input.
  • Prickly pile up- was a hit in my household when each boy in his turn tried to “pile up” another hedgehog on top of the others making sure they keep “hanging on”

 

 

Resources for Spatial awareness :
  • Spinning –  the feeling of spinning around and getting used to the movement is very important in the way the child develop the spatial awareness this could be done with a desk chair or with the ‘Astronaut board’  below as part of the program.
  • Directionality  : drawing arrows ,mazes and following the direction with arrows helps understanding directionality as your child will physically add the arrows where appropriate.

 

 

astronout board

Primitive Reflexes- (as part of occupational therapist plan) :
Gross motor activity :
  • Jumping on a trampoline /Bosu  – also helps with spatial awareness
  • Jumping from one hula hoop to another- lay 3 to 4 hula hoops on the floor and get your child to jump.
  • Skipping : skipping can be a tricky task for some kids : we first practiced jumping and then learnt the arm motion with poi –socks ( you can make easily at home or buy it ready made.

 

poi sock

poi sock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • jumping jacks exercise -straightforward jumping while moving arms and legs
  • Wheel-barrow exercise : hold the child legs and have him walk on his hands around the house .
  • Putting legs on the wall while the child’s hands are the floor.

 

 Balance :
  • Using a balancing board while hitting a ball which is tied to the ceiling  variation: throwing and catching ballons while on the balancing board –
  • Walking on a beam – there is no need to purchase a beam as you can practice walking in a straight line on pavements outside or in the park.
  • Walking on colored stones –  helps children build confidence when jumping, judging distances, coordinating and balancing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Working on inward/outward position of the toes : we did so with a pigeon/duck walk chart I created .

 

 

duck pigeon walk

duck pigeon walk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Stretchy arm bands or resistance band, they are really great to have at different resistance levels as they can help with motor planning, hand-eye coordination, proprioception and spatial awareness.
  • Pointy dog exercise (Bird dog) 
  • Superman excercise 
  • Marching straight in line with fingers pointing up – this exercise helps with  directionality.
Resources for logical thinking :

*Geoboard – great little board that helps with directionality creativity and mesuring distances as well

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Wooden blocks: Here are some examples for possible structures, the child might find it overwhelming at the beginning so I would recommend to start with an easy setup


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Parquetry blocks – geometrical shapes that can be sorted in as part of a picture or pattern
  • “Thinkfun pathwords” – word game good for spatial orientation , directionality etc..

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There are few other games from ‘Think fun’ which also contribute to directionality and spatial orientation .

 

  • Q-bitz: a visual challenge game.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Resources for writing :
  • Pelican pencils , tried a variety of pencil grip but found the pelican pencil the best for my kids as its stable and sturdy.
  • There are many  resources out there which are aimed at helping children in learning to write . I have tried some which combine music and learning  but I have found out that there is a set of basic skills a child has to have before he or she are ready to write.
  • The visual skills are focusing , tracking  and teaming making sure both eyes are working together to be able to learn to write .When the child is ‘Ready to learn’ I found  ‘writing without tears’  to be  a good resource.
Oral resources to help in articulation and speech :
  • Chewy necklaces and Ark grabber both are chewy but the arc is thicker and helps in jaw movement, tongue movement, and oral exploration.
    mouthing, and oral motor development.
  • Blowing and making bubbles using different size of straws
  • Whistles : variety of different kinds .(recommended resource kit
  • Blowing a variety of balloons from different sizes and shapes
  • Baby chewy toys
  • Sucking non sugar lollies (organic lollipops)helps to develop the muscles in our mouth
  • Using a mirror moving the tongue in circles after putting fruity lip-balm / putting one lip over the other sucking lips inwards and pulling tongue out
  • Using electric tooth brush on the lips for sensory input
Speech and Language :
  • Games for WH questions : super duper publications have got a verity of games for Speach and language
  • Auditory workout App: this is a wonderful application designed for children with auditory processing disorder .
  • Learning to sequence : 6 set scene game by ‘Carson Dellosa’ publishing
  • Social stories : creating social stories . I created some , one of them appears on Amazon , it was a story dealing with friendship and competition brother rivalry and relationship I offer it for FREE on this page.
  • Black sheep publications offer games that help in problem solving , imagination and prediction.
  • Tell tale – card  game that encourage imagination and creativity together with communication skills.
  • What a performance – perform a variety of noises, actions and activities to help children express themselves in a unique way.

Rhyhem:

  • Metronome- clapping hands at the right rhyhem and developing awareness to sound and music.
  • ‘Loopz Shifter’ game :  An action memory game that used light and sounds to help in memorizing the steps.

 

loops shifter

loopz shifter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anxiety :

 

Craniosacral therapy

Craniosacral therapy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Nutrition : healthy diet helps in revealing stress avoiding process foods added sugar and white flour.

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Primitive Reflexes...

 

90% of the children diagnosed with ADHD, Autism, and other behavioural disorders have them 

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